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Legal Definitions by Ford Banks Irwin Solicitors - The Property Lawyers in Manchester

Please note: Not to be used or relied upon without legal advice. These notes are for illustrative purposes ONLY

Illegal Contract: (ex turpi causa non oritur actio)

The Court will not assist a Claimant or Defendant who knowingly entered into an illegal contract.  Commercial Law Solicitors and Lawyers will use this as a valid defence to a claim in certain circumstances . . . for example in a price fixing cartel dispute. 


Immunity

This is used by Solicitors and Lawyers as a valid defence in certain circumstances such as . . .  a libel action against a Member of Parliament for comments made during a debate in the House of Commons.  The debate attracts immunity in the form of Parliamentary Privilege. 

Implied Conditions

In any Contract there are Implied Conditions regarding title, description, quality and fitness for purpose.  Solicitors and Lawyers need to rely on these Implied Conditions as a valid cause of action in Court Proceedings in the absence of express Conditions in a written agreement.  


Inchmaree clause

This is used by Shipping Law Solicitors and Lawyers to provide cover for certain risks such as accidents loading or unloading the Ship, Fueling . . .  etc 

 

Incoterm 

These are pro forma agreements in respect of International Trade used by Commercial Law Solicitors and Lawyers.  See also UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. 

EXW - Ex Works;  FCA - Free Carrier;  FAS - Free Alongside Ship;  FOB - Free on Board;  CFR - Cost Freight;  CIF - Cost Insurance and Freight;  CPT - Carriage Paid;  CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid;  DAF - Delivered at Frontier;  DES - Delivered Ex-Ship;  DEQ - Delivered Ex Quay;  DDU - Delivered Duty Unpaid;  DDP - Delivered Duty Paid.

Indenture

An old form of transfer deed creating or transferring Land.  Solicitors and Conveyancers will usually review old Indentures that are still relevant and applicable to the Title Deeds.    

Interlocutory

A term used by Solicitors and Lawyers in Court Proceedings.  It means during the course of the proceedings.   For example, Interlocutory hearings.

Interrogatories  : Requests for Further Information

These are Requests for Further Information by Claimant and Defence Solicitors and Lawyers during the course of Court Proceedings.  See also Part 18 of the Civil Procedure Rules.